The Curse of Coal




Muğla and the Curse of Coal

Muğla, in Western Turkey, should be heaven. With its deep blue sea, secret bays, olive trees, fertile agricultural lands and its history tracing back to the ancient times, it’s made to be idyllic. Instead, right now, it contains a nightmare.

Life here is uprooted for the sake of the coal mines. Villages are emptied, and three coal power plants are poisoning the surrounding life. Along with the lignite mines that supply them, they’ve been affecting the geography, health, culture, economy and social life of the region for the last 35 years.

This curse of coal does not only threaten the people of Muğla: carcinogenic dust released from the Kemerköy, Yeniköy and Yatağan coal power plants in the region (which have already completed their life cycles but still continue to work due to privatization) reach as far as the opposite shores of the Mediteranean and make all of us ill.

The climate cost of the coal power plants is also high. If these plants continue to work until 2043, 328 million more tones of carbon dioxide will be emitted to our atmosphere. Not to mention the loss of the carbon sinks that happen when lignite mines demand more deforestation.

“Curse of Coal”, a new short film produced by Re:Common and Kibrit Film, sheds light on the real cost of coal. We have a role to play in lifting up the stories of those who defend their lands, their hometowns and their heaven at all costs against those who want to turn the region into a coal-burning hell for many years.

Be the megaphone for the people of Muğla. Watch and share their story now:


“When (the people) they come, they learn that there exists a hell in this heaven, that the chimney always smokes and poisons …”

In Muğla, Yatağan, Yeniköy and Kemerköy coal power plants:

Cause 280 early fatalities a year. From 1983-2017, it is estimated that the air pollution created by the coal power plants caused early fatalities of 45000 people.

Emitted 360 million tonnes of carbon dioxide from 1983-2017. If these coal power plants continue to work until 2043, their climate costs will increase, they will emit 328 million more tonnes of CO2.

Directly affect 880 different sites within their impact area and destroy the region’s social and cultural memory. Moreover, the site areas in the region between Stratonikeia and Lagina are the archaeological areas most affected by the coal extraction fields. The ancient city of Stratonikeia is a candidate to be a UNESCO world heritage site.

Directly impact forest ecosystems. The ash dams where the solid and liquid hazardous waste of the three coal power plants goes, occupy 300 hectares (470 football grounds) of forest area in the total. In Yatağan, 21,000 hectares, and in Milas, 23,000 hectares have been allocated for the lignite mine pits. If all of the areas licenced for mining start to operate, a forest area as big as almost 30,000 football grounds will be destroyed.

Benefit from VAT exceptions, Customs Duty Exemption, Tax Reduction, Security Premium Employer Share Support, Investment Site Allocation and Interest Rate Support because the produce electricity from domestic coal. This means the taxes which are important for the Turkish economy will not be paid.

Trigger displacements in the region. During recent years, as the coal mines started their operations, 8 villages in the region had to be moved. If plans for capacity increases and life extensions are realised, people of 48 more villages will have to leave their homes either due to the replacement of their villages altogether or to the expropriation of the olive groves and agricultural and forest areas. And this will mean direct or indirect displacement of nearly 30,000 people in total.

Read more:
Real Cost of Coal Muğla
Download the report



Here are interviews we made with the people living in the region.

Tayyibe Demirel speaks:
“We fight for the future generations”


Kibrit Film


Kibrit Film has been established by director İmre Azem and producer Gaye Günay in 2010 in order to produce films which shall contribute to the social change over equality, justice and freedom. Its first production, “Ecumenopolis: City without Limits” (2011) documentary has been awarded with various prizes both in the country and abroad. You may reach tens of short and feature-length documentaries and news videos produced by KF in years from the following link:



Re: Common is an independent and not-for-profit “association of social promotion” under the Italian law that conducts investigations and promotes campaigns against the dodgy economy and the devastation of the territories in the North and in the South of the World caused by the indiscriminate exploitation of natural resources and major public and private infrastructure projects. For more info: